As promised, herewith some phobias beginning with the letter B.
|Bacteriophobia||Fear of bacteria – Mysophobia, also known as verminophobia, germophobia, germaphobia, bacillophobia and bacteriophobia. This is a pathological fear of contamination and germs and described as a case of obsessive–compulsive disorder (“OCD”) shown in repeatedly washing one’s hands.|
|Basophobia, basiphobia||Fear of walking / standing erect and a fear of falling also referred to as basophobia (or basiphobia). This is a natural fear and is typical of most humans and mammals. It differs from acrophobia (the fear of heights), although the two fears are closely related. The fear of falling includes the anxieties associated with the sensation and the dangerous effects of falling, as opposed to heights themselves.|
|Batrachophobia||Fear / dislike of frogs and other amphibians, a zoophobia. Zoophobia or animal phobia is specific phobias to particular animals, or an irrational fear or even simply dislike of any non-human animals. Examples of specific zoophobias would be such as that of bees. Fear of spiders (arachnophobia), birds (ornithophobia) and snakes (ophidiophobia) are also common.|
|Belonephobia||Fear of needles. This is a kind of specific phobia, the fear of sharp things,such as pencils, needles, knives, darts, a pointing finger, or even the sharp end of an umbrella. This fear may also be referred to as belonephobia or enetophobia.|
|Bibliophobia||This is the fear or hatred of books. Such fear often arises from fear of the effect books can have on society or culture. Bibliophobia is a common cause of censorship and book burning.|
|Blood-injection-injury type phobia||(BII) type phobia is a type of specific phobia; by the display of excessive, irrational fear in response to the sight of blood, injury, or injection, or in anticipation of an injection, injury, or exposure to blood. Blood-like stimuli (paint, ketchup) may also cause a reaction.
When exposed to phobic triggers, those with the phobia often experience a two-phase response (1) an initial increase in heart rate and blood pressure (2) followed quickly by bradycardia (decreased heart rate) and hypotension (decreased blood pressure). This can often result in a fainting response. In an individual with BII phobia, expression of these or similar phobic symptoms in response to blood, injection, or injury typically begins before the age of ten. Many who have the phobia will take steps to actively avoid exposure to triggers. This can lead to health issues in phobic individuals as a result of avoidance of hospitals, doctors’ appointments, blood tests, and vaccinations etc. Due to frequent avoidance of phobic triggers, BII phobics’ personal and professional lives may be limited. Some may feel that their phobia precludes them from joining a healthcare profession, or from getting pregnant.
Causes of BII phobia have yet to be fully understood.
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